Three Steps to your Brightest Skin Ever
1. Critical to a Healthy Glow is a Smooth Skin
Enter Exfoliation! Exfoliation not only soothes skin but it also helps even out tone by speeding up the cell turnover rate, therefore assisting the removal of pigmentation patches. In addition, the removal of the dead cell layer will allow better penetration of further treatment products. Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), in particular, Lactic Acid, show very positive results when brightening pigmentation. For a quick and easy solution, look for a 3-in-1 cleanser that exfoliates, cleanses and brightens uneven tone. Such a product preps skin for treating deep down, stubborn, pigmented patches.
2. Shedding Light on Skin Brightening Products
Products that focus on skin brightening contain ingredients that act as melanin suppressants (the pigment that colours skin), such as the Phytic Acid found in rice. Newer ingredients, such as Zinc Glycinate, have been shown to reduce pigmentation as well as suppress the melanocyte growth factors that stimulate melanin synthesis. Many botanical extracts also inhibit melanin production, including Kiwi Fruit, Mulberry, Licorice and Giant Fennel. While hydroxy acids (Lactic Acid, Glycolic Acid and Salicylic Acid) in skin-brightening products have been used to accelerate desquamation and remove pigmented cells, a 5% concentration of Lactic Acid will slow melanin synthesis. This approach to affect melanin synthesis is unique to Lactic Acid and does not occur with other alpha-hydroxy acids such as Glycolic Acid or the beta-hydroxy acid (BHA), Salicylic Acid. Other exfoliating agents used in brightening products include Pumpkin Enzyme and Galactoarabian, a molecule that stimulates natural desquamation. And more recently, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) has been shown to stop the transfer of melanin to neighbouring skin cells. Other research indicates that we can also control melanin formation by affecting the signalling process involved in melanin biosynthesis by using sunscreens and anti-inflammatory agents.
3. Protect and Hydrate
Once you have treated that stubborn pigmentation, now is the time to ensure that you guard against future attacks. Use a daily moisturizer with minimum SPF30 to ensure protection against the worst offender – UV rays! And make sure that your daily moisturizer is packed full of hydrating ingredients so that your skin reflects light and glows.